Search the lexicon

Found:

Affix Ordering Generalization

MORPHOLOGY: a generalization over class I and class II affixes which entails that class II affixes can attach to words derived with class I affixes, but not vice versa (see Level Ordering Hypothesis). EXAMPLE: according to Siegel (1974) class I affixes in English such as -ion, -ity, -al and -ive trigger and undergo phonological processes, while class II affixes such as -ness, -less, -ful and -ly do not (e.g. op[ei]que: op[]city: op[ei]queness (Trisyllabic Shortening),prent: parntal: prentless (Stress shift)). Next to these differences it appears that class I affixes cannot appear outside class II affixes (*hopefulity). Some well-known exceptions to the Affix Ordering Generalization are discussed in Aronoff (1976).
LIT. Allen, M.R. (1978)
Aronoff, M. (1976)
Chomsky, N. and M. Halle (1968)
Halle, M. & K.P. Mohanan (1985)
Siegel, D. (1974)
Sproat, R. (1985)