GENERAL: An element which depends for its reference on the reference of another element.
SYNTAX: In binding theory, an element which must be A-bound by an antecedent within its binding domain. EXAMPLE: himself in (i)a is an anaphor with John as its antecedent. The ill-formedness of (i)b and c is due to the lack of a proper antecedent: himself does not agree in person features with I in (i)b, and John is outside the binding domain in (i)c.
(i) a John hates himself b *I hate himself c *John says that I hate himselfTraces of NP-movement are also considered as anaphors.
|LIT.||Chomsky, N. (1986a)|
Chomsky, N. (1981)
Fiengo, R. and R. May (1994)