SYNTAX: See X-bar theory.
MORPHOLOGY: notion introduced in morphology by Williams (1981a) to
account for the fact that a complex word shares most, if not all, properties with one of its constituents. The constituent that determines the properties of the complex word as a whole is called the head of that word. The head of a word is either the rightmost or the leftmost morpheme of a word. This generalization lies at the heart of the so-called
Righthand Head Rule.
EXAMPLE: the English word withstand is a strong verb just
like stand. Hence, stand is the head of the complex word withstand. Also
see relativized head, and
Relativized Righthand Head Rule.
|LIT.||Di Sciullo, A. M. and E. Williams (1987)|
Spencer, A. (1991)
Williams, E. (1981a)