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GENERAL: Non-finite form of a verb. One distinguishes the present participle writing in (i), the participle of the perfect tense written in (ii), and the passive participle written in (iii):

(i)    John is writing a book
(ii)   John has written a book
(iii)  This book was been written by John
In Germanic and Romance languages participles sometimes show agreement inflection, as shown in (iv) by the passive participle écrites:
(iv)   Cettes lettres ont été écrites par Marie
       Those letters[Pl,F] have been written[Pl,F] by Marie

LIT. Spencer, A. (1991)