SEMANTICS: a term introduced in Austin (1962) in the context of his theory of speech acts for those utterances which are used to perform an act instead of describing it. EXAMPLE: by uttering (i) the speaker actually makes an apology, he does not describe himself apologizing for his behaviour.
(i) I apologize for my behaviourThis distinguishes performatives from constatives which are used to make a true or false statement. Performatives do not have truth conditions but felicity conditions. The type of verbs used to make performative utterances are called performatives or performative verbs: apologize, promise, declare.
|LIT.||Austin, J.L. (1962)|
Chierchia and McConnell-Ginet (1990)