Affix Ordering Generalization
MORPHOLOGY: a generalization over class I and class II affixes which entails that class II affixes can attach to words derived with class I affixes, but not vice versa
(see Level Ordering Hypothesis).
EXAMPLE: according to Siegel (1974) class I affixes in English such as -ion, -ity, -al and -ive trigger and undergo phonological processes, while class II affixes such as -ness, -less, -ful and -ly do not (e.g. op[ei]que:
op[æ]city: op[ei]queness (Trisyllabic Shortening),párent: paréntal: párentless (Stress shift)). Next to these differences it appears that class I affixes cannot appear outside class II affixes (*hopefulity). Some well-known exceptions to the Affix Ordering Generalization are discussed in Aronoff (1976).
|LIT.||Allen, M.R. (1978)|
Aronoff, M. (1976)
Chomsky, N. and M. Halle (1968)
Halle, M. & K.P. Mohanan (1985)
Siegel, D. (1974)
Sproat, R. (1985)