GENERAL: Verb with an argument that expresses the cause of the action described by the verb. EXAMPLE: in (i)-(iii) let, make, and cause are causative verbs; John refers to the cause of Bill's eating grass.
(i) John let Bill eat grass (ii) John made Bill eat grass (iii) John caused Bill to eat grassA certain class of verbs alternate between a causative reading and an inchoative reading. Examples are break, drown and De-adjectival verbs formed with the suffix -en in (iv) - (vii).
INCHOATIVE CAUSATIVE (iv) The vase broke John broke the vase (v) The lady drowned Our tenant drowned a lady (vi) The canal widened They widened the canal (vii) The tomatoes reddened The sun reddened the tomatoes
|LIT.||Borer, H. (1990)|
Grimshaw, J. (1990)
Jackendoff, R. (1990)