SYNTAX: principle which says that
(i) representations at each level of representation are projections of the features of lexical items, notably their subcategorization features, and that (ii) if F is a lexical feature, it is projected at each syntactic level of representation ( D-structure, S-structure, Logical Form).The Projection Principle entails that sentence (iii) cannot have the structure in (iv).
(iii) I believe him to be a fool (iv) I believe [NP him] [S to be a fool]The NP him is the subject of the embedded sentence at the level of D-structure, so it has to be analyzed as its subject at all syntactic levels of representation, even though it has objective case. See also Extended Projection Principle.
|LIT.||Chomsky, N. (1986a)|
Chomsky, N. (1981)